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Anales de Psicología

On-line version ISSN 1695-2294Print version ISSN 0212-9728


INGLES, Cándido J. et al. Motivational profiles Spanish students of Compulsory Secondary Education: differential analysis of academic self-attributions. Anal. Psicol. [online]. 2015, vol.31, n.2, pp.579-588. ISSN 1695-2294.

Academic goals and academic self-attributions are relevant variables in school settings. The objective of this study is to identify whether there are combinations of multiple goals that lead to different motivational profiles and to determine whether there are significant differences between the groups obtained regarding causal attributions of success and failure (ability, effort, or external causes) in Mathematics and Language and Literature, and in overall academic performance. The Goal Achievement Tendencies Questionnaire (AGTQ) and the Sydney Attribution Scale (SAS) were administered to a sample of 2022 students of compulsory secondary education, ranging in age from 12 to 16 years (M = 13.81, SD = 1.35). Cluster analysis identified four motivational profiles: a group of students with a high generalized motivation profile, a group of students with low generalized motivation profile, a group of students with predominance of learning goals and achievement goals, and a final group of students with predominance of social reinforcement goals. Results revealed statistically significant differences between the profiles obtained in academic self-attributions.

Keywords : Academic goals; motivational profiles; academic self-attributions; adolescence; secondary education.

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