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Anales de Psicología

versão On-line ISSN 1695-2294versão impressa ISSN 0212-9728

Resumo

LEON, Irene; GARCIA-GARCIA, Juan  e  ROLDAN-TAPIA, Lola. Cognitive Reserve Scale and ageing. Anal. Psicol. [online]. 2016, vol.32, n.1, pp.218-223. ISSN 1695-2294.  http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/analesps.32.1.182331.

The construct of cognitive reserve attempts to explain why some individuals with brain impairment, and some people during normal ageing, can solve cognitive tasks better than expected. This study aimed to estimate cognitive reserve in a healthy sample of people aged 65 years and over, with special attention to its influence on cognitive performance. For this purpose, it used the Cognitive Reserve Scale (CRS) and a neuropsychological battery that included tests of attention and memory. The results revealed that women obtained higher total CRS raw scores than men. Moreover, the CRS predicted the learning curve, short-term and long-term memory, but not attentional and working memory performance. Thus, the CRS offers a new proxy of cognitive reserve based on cognitively stimulating activities performed by healthy elderly people. Following an active lifestyle throughout life was associated with better intellectual performance and positive effects on relevant aspects of quality of life.

Palavras-chave : Activities; quality of life; lifestyle; elderly; measurement; neuropsychology; cognitive reserve.

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