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Anales de Psicología

On-line version ISSN 1695-2294Print version ISSN 0212-9728

Abstract

MANZANERO, Antonio L.; LOPEZ, Beatriz  and  AROZTEGUI, Javier. Underlying processes behind false perspective production. Anal. Psicol. [online]. 2016, vol.32, n.1, pp.256-265. ISSN 1695-2294.  http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/analesps.32.1.194461.

This study aimed to determine the extent to which Reality Monitoring (RM) content analysis can provide useful information when discriminating between actual versus false statements. Participants were instructed to either describe a traffic accident as eyewitness actual role or to describe the accident as a simulated victim. Data were analysed in terms of accuracy and quality, and were represented using high dimensional visualization (HDV). In Experiment 1 (between-participant design), participants made significantly more references to cognitive operations, more self-references and less changes in order when describing the event as simulated victim. In Experiment 2 (within-participants design) participants also made significantly more references to cognitive operations and more self references when describing the event from the simulated victim as well as being less accurate, providing less irrelevant information and more evalúative comments. HDV graphics indicated that false statements differ holistically from actual ones.

Keywords : Autobiographical memory; deception detection; eyewitness testimony; credibility; criteria content analysis; high dimensional visualization; multidimensional scaling; holistic.

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