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Anales de Psicología

versão On-line ISSN 1695-2294versão impressa ISSN 0212-9728


ZUMALABE-MAKIRRIAIN, José M.. The neurological study of the conscience: a critical assessment. Anal. Psicol. [online]. 2016, vol.32, n.1, pp.266-278. ISSN 1695-2294.

During the predominance, in the cognitive science, of the classic symbolic-computational paradigm hardly was paid attention to the neurobiológical study of the consciousness. With the appearance of the connectionist models which start of a more naturalized and less abiologic conception of the psychology, was taken a radical turn in this subject. Since this current the explanation of the mental phenomenons needs to include references to the biológical support because is taken like a computational model the running of the nervous system. After describing the works of the neuroscientist about the neuronal correlates on the consciousness, we analyze since a critical perspective, the limitations and the weaknesses of them refered basically to the conceptual troubles of the connectionism, to the objections to the localizacionism, to the limitations of the cerebral image techniques, to the lack of stablishment of the brain-mind causal relations and to the exclusivist and reductionist pretensión of the most part of the investigacións.

Palavras-chave : consciousness; neuroscience; connectionism; neuroimage thecniques; neuronal correlates.

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