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Anales de Psicología

On-line version ISSN 1695-2294Print version ISSN 0212-9728

Abstract

JOAQUIN-MINGORANCE, M.; ARBINAGA, F.; CARMONA-MARQUEZ, J.  and  BAYO-CALERO, J.. Coping strategies and self-esteem in women with breast cancer. Anal. Psicol. [online]. 2019, vol.35, n.2, pp.188-194.  Epub May 01, 2019. ISSN 1695-2294.  http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/analesps.35.2.336941.

Coping with a breast cancer diagnosis and the use of different strategies is key to overcoming this stressful situation. Various psychological variables are related to how patients cope with the disease, one of which is self-esteem. The current study analyses the how age influences patients with breast cancer in terms of the coping strategies used to deal with the disease, exploring whether self-esteem influences the use of such strategies, along with the possible interrelation between these variables. Self-esteem is studied using the Rosenberg Self-Esteem scale and coping strategies were assessed using the COPE-28 scale, both in their Spanish versions. The sample consisted of 121 women (with breast cancer), aged between 30 and 77 years (M = 49.33, SD = 8.90). The results indicate that active coping is the strategy with the highest score. We found significant, age-mediated relationships between self-esteem scores and active coping strategies such as positive reframing, acceptance, or use of emotional support. Knowing how to cope with the disease will help in the development of psychological interventions that improve the quality of life in these patients throughout the oncological disease process.

Keywords : Psycho-Oncology; psychological strategies; active coping; positive reframing.

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