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Avances en Odontoestomatología

versão On-line ISSN 2340-3152versão impressa ISSN 0213-1285


MERCADO, ML; ROM, M; MICINQUEVICH, S  e  CASARIEGO, Z. Projection of oral pathology and Clinical Stomatology student from faculty class room to public hospital: Retrospective analyse of the observed diseases. Av Odontoestomatol [online]. 2006, vol.22, n.5, pp.279-285. ISSN 2340-3152.

This study was designed in order to establish basement of Teaching/Learning process in Stomatology, for students of the last step of Curricula in Odontology and, very specially for Patology and Stomatological Clinic’ attenden. Objectives were: 1) Observation of students behaviour in a public hospital, were it takes place, their «work in situ». 2) To stand out diagnosticated lesions and diseases with the guide of experimental teachers and, resolution of clinic cases. Material and methods: Students of the last level of Patology and Clinical Stomatology Asignature, of the Odontology Faculty of La Plata City, year by year were sending in small groups (no more than seven students each), to a Public Hospital, to Odontology Unit, to participate in an equipment composed by Docents of the Faculty that works in this hospitalry Service and in relationship with other medical units of the same Hospital. For this study, data was assesed taking 1.800 hours/patient. 495 patients were evaluated and sex, age, civil state, ocupation, habits and factors of the enviroment were tabulated. Screaning of lesions and diseases were made and an statistic analyse was performed. Results: 1) Students demostrated, most of the time, really interesting and entusiassm. This result was calculated in a frequence of 40% of them, who wanted to state longer overthere and to come back, out of their own study classes and obligations. 2) From lesions and diseases data study, superficial mycosis was the most prevalent disease that it was founded, followed by major afthous and carcinomas of squamous cells. Conclusions: 1) Its was observed that Assistant/Docent/ Hospital educational method woul offer to Teaching/ Learning mechanism, the possibility to insert the students inside their real public health medium. 2) Other medical specialities integrated with Stomatology seems to allow a common sanitary equipment by a retronutritionary phenomem. 3) In agreement with other data of asistant services and other faculties of our country, Oral Candidiasis was the most observed disease. 4) Incidence of Oral cancer advices us to insist about its early diagnosis, the importance of pre-malignant lesions recognition and to improve strategies againts nicotinism, in our enviroment.

Palavras-chave : Teaching/Learning; retronutritionary phenomem; insertion.

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