Avances en Odontoestomatología
versión impresa ISSN 0213-1285
Introduction: Diabetes is a high prevalent metabolic disease with a high morbidity. That is why preventive measurements of the linked complications and the control of the disease are essential. The objectives are: a) differentiate the pathogenic ways that take place in diabetes mellitus type 1 and 2; b) to know which are the general and oral complications of diabetes; c) make a summary of the association between diabetes and periodontal disease. Materials, methods and results: For the preparation of this work, we employed 36 scientific articles and one text book. The MEDLINE and Cochrane databases have been used to make the search. Discussion: We can find two clearly different pathways that differentiate diabetes type 1 from type 2 have been analyced. We can also find lots of long term complications. The association between diabetes and periodontal disease requires a special mention.
Palabras clave : Diabetes; metabolic syndrom; insulin; autoimmunity; periodontitis; caries; oral disease; Diabetes; metabolic syndrom; insulin; autoimmunity; periodontitis; caries; oral disease.