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Avances en Odontoestomatología

versión impresa ISSN 0213-1285

Resumen

SANZ-SANCHEZ, I.  y  BASCONES-MARTINEZ, A.. Diabetes: oral and periodontal implications. Av Odontoestomatol [online]. 2009, vol.25, n.5, pp.249-263. ISSN 0213-1285.

Introduction: Diabetes is a high prevalent metabolic disease with a high morbidity. That is why preventive measurements of the linked complications and the control of the disease are essential. The objectives are: a) differentiate the pathogenic ways that take place in diabetes mellitus type 1 and 2; b) to know which are the general and oral complications of diabetes; c) make a summary of the association between diabetes and periodontal disease. Materials, methods and results: For the preparation of this work, we employed 36 scientific articles and one text book. The MEDLINE and Cochrane databases have been used to make the search. Discussion: We can find two clearly different pathways that differentiate diabetes type 1 from type 2 have been analyced. We can also find lots of long term complications. The association between diabetes and periodontal disease requires a special mention.

Palabras clave : Diabetes; metabolic syndrom; insulin; autoimmunity; periodontitis; caries; oral disease; Diabetes; metabolic syndrom; insulin; autoimmunity; periodontitis; caries; oral disease.

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