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Avances en Odontoestomatología

versão On-line ISSN 2340-3152versão impressa ISSN 0213-1285


TIRADO AMADOR, L.; RAMOS MARTINEZ, K.  e  ARRIETA VERGARA, K.. Periodontal disease and related factors in scholars with Down syndrome from Cartagena, Colombia. Av Odontoestomatol [online]. 2016, vol.32, n.4, pp.205-213. ISSN 2340-3152.

Objective: Describe the status of periodontal health and related factors in scholars with Down Syndrome in Cartagena, Colombia. Materials and methods: cross-sectional descriptive study in 91 individuals between 3 and 18 years in an institution of Cartagena, was applied a questionnaire assessing sociodemographic factors, oral hygiene habits and factors associated with periodontal disease; moreover a clinical assessment, which included the identification of local factors (dental malpositions, dental crowding, adaptations of restorations, presence of intraoral appliances, presence or absence of tooth mobility, furcation involvement and exudate), quantification of dental plaque with oral hygiene index for community use (CPI), gingival and periodontal status using the Community Treatment Needs Index. Data were analyzed from proportions and chi-Square test was used for significance in relationships, assuming a limit of 0.05. Results: the most common periodontal disease was gingivitis 46.1% (35.7 to 56.6% CI). The plaque index was ≥80% (83.8 to 96.3% IC) and tooth brushing was ≤2 times/day in most subjects with Down syndrome. The most common need for periodontal treatment was oral hygiene instruction in 36.2% (26.1 to 46.3% IC). In bivariate analysis, age showed statistically significant relationship with periodontal disease, individuals between 13 and 18 years were most affected (p=0.045). Conclusion: it is necessary a continuing periodontal evaluation to detect possible risk factors Individual in people with Down syndrome for periodontal disease.

Palavras-chave : Down syndrome; periodontal diseases; oral hygiene.

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