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Avances en Odontoestomatología

versión On-line ISSN 2340-3152versión impresa ISSN 0213-1285


LUQUE MILLAN, FJ et al. Topographic evaluation of the titanium implant surfaces. Av Odontoestomatol [online]. 2018, vol.34, n.3, pp.121-129. ISSN 2340-3152.

Implant surface is very important for the osseointegration. Roughened surface titanium may influence in experimental and clinical results. Different measures instruments and techniques strongly influence the outcome of a topographic characterization of surface implant. Surfaces has been documented by scanning electron microscopy. White light interferometer may identify the surface irregularities that cause phase changes in the reflected light. The surfaces chemical composition was determined using a technique of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Chemical composition reflect the type of fabrication procedures applied to implants. A variety of elements and chemical compounds not related to the titanium composition were found on some implant types. They ranged from inorganic material (i.e. sodium chloride) to specific organic as carbon compounds believed to be due to contamination during fabrication or storage. The experimental findings are believed to make a contribution to a better understanding of the interplay between industrial fabrication procedure and physico-chemical implant surface properties.


The topographic and chemical composition modifications of surface implants constitute an important field in experimental and clinical implant dentistry.

Palabras clave : Dental implants; implant surface; rough surface; topography; chemical composition; osseointegration.

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