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Avances en Odontoestomatología

versão On-line ISSN 2340-3152versão impressa ISSN 0213-1285

Resumo

HAIDAR WEHBE, A et al. The effect of the cyclic fatigue in dental implant abutments. Av Odontoestomatol [online]. 2020, vol.36, n.2, pp.89-97.  Epub 05-Out-2020. ISSN 2340-3152.

Introduction:

The connection implant-abutment has been suggested to be crucial for the long-term success of implant restorations and to prevent future biological and mechanic complications. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of fatigue cyclic test in the behavior of internal connection implant-abutments.

Methods:

Thirty six titanium abutments of internal connection implants were divided in two groups: 18 slim and 18 right multiunit abutments with different length. Abutments were tightened to 30 Ncm with a torque controller. A cyclic load between 175 N and 100 N according to different implant abutments at a 30-degree angle to the long axis was applied to the implants for a 5 million cycles.

Results:

Biomechanical testing showed implant and screw retention fracture in a limit load of 100 N of slim implant abutments and 130 N of right implant abutments. Fracture cracks were located in the area between neck and body of implants and screw retention. No abutment fractures were found.

Conclusions:

This study indicate that fatigue cyclic test are very important to analize the biomechanical behavior of different abutments in connection implant-abutment of implants systems.

Palavras-chave : Dental implants; Implant-abutment connection; Cyclic loading; Fatigue test; Biomechanics; Implant dentistry.

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