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The European Journal of Psychiatry

Print version ISSN 0213-6163


ALBAR MARIN, M.ª J.  and  GARCIA-RAMIREZ, M.. Social support and emotional exhaustion among hospital nursing staff. Eur. J. Psychiat. [online]. 2005, vol.19, n.2, pp.96-106. ISSN 0213-6163.

The role of three sources of social support (family as kin, co-workers as insiders, and supervisors as outsiders) on the emotional exhaustion were analyzed in a sample of 210 nurses at a general hospital in Seville, a city in the south of Spain. They were given an adaptation of the Nursing Stress Scale, (Gray-Toff & Anderson 1981), the Multidimensional Support Scale (Winefield, Winefield, Tiggemann 1992), previously adapted in a sample of nurses and the emotional exhaustion scale of the Spanish version of Maslach's Burnout Inventory (1997). After applying a hierarchical multiple regression analysis to the data, the results confirm the main effect of the three sources and the buffering effect in the case of outsiders and kin. It suggests the need to perform studies with wider samples, which allow the analysis of professionals' psychosocial characteristics and types of support, as well as demands in nursing job tasks.

Keywords : Emotional exhaustion; Social support sources; Hospital nursing staff.

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