The European Journal of Psychiatry
Print version ISSN 0213-6163
GIL-MONTE, Pedro R.; CARLOTTO, Mary Sandra and GONCALVES CAMARA, Sheila. Prevalence of burnout in a sample of Brazilian teachers. Eur. J. Psychiat. [online]. 2011, vol.25, n.4, pp.205-212. ISSN 0213-6163. http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S0213-61632011000400003.
Background and Objectives: Burnout is a psychological response to chronic work-related stress of an interpersonal and emotional nature. Brazilian law have already contemplated burnout syndrome as a mental and behavioural disorder related to work. The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of burnout in a sample of Brazilian teachers. Methods: The sample was composed of 714 teachers from 8 schools in Porto Alegre and its metropolitan area (Brazil). The levels of burnout were evaluated by the Spanish Burnout Inventory, educational version (SBI-Ed). In addition, Psychosomatic disorders were estimated by the UNIPSICO subscale. Results: The percentage of participants who indicated high levels of burnout was 12 % (Profile 1), and 5.6% fell into Profile 2 because they were affected by strong feelings of guilt. Moreover, participants with high scores on the SBI dimensions (low on Enthusiasm toward the job) scored significantly higher on psychosomatic disorders than participants with low scores. Conclusions: Based on psychometric considerations, participants who fit Profile 2 of burnout could be considered burnout cases according to Brazilian legislation. However, using a clinical interview to make the diagnosis is recommended.
Keywords : Burnout; Psychological stress; Occupational health; Teachers; Prevalence.