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The European Journal of Psychiatry

Print version ISSN 0213-6163

Abstract

O'CALLAGHAN, Carminda et al. Screening for metabolic syndrome in long-term psychiatric illness: Audit of patients receiving depot antipsychotic medication at a psychiatry clinic. Eur. J. Psychiat. [online]. 2011, vol.25, n.4, pp.213-222. ISSN 0213-6163.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S0213-61632011000400004.

Background and Objectives: Metabolic syndrome (visceral obesity, dyslipidaemia, hyperglycaemia, hypertension) is a substantial public health problem, especially amongst individuals receiving antipsychotic medication. Methods: We studied routine screening practices for metabolic syndrome amongst psychiatry outpatients receiving injected depot anti-psychotic medication at a clinic in Dublin, Ireland. Results: Our initial audit (n = 64) demonstrated variable levels of documentation of criteria for metabolic syndrome in outpatient files; e.g. weight was recorded in 1.6% of files, serum high density lipoprotein in 12.5%. As our intervention, we introduced a screening check-list comprising risk factors and criteria for metabolic syndrome, based on the definition of the International Diabetes Federation. Re-audit (n = 54) demonstrated significantly improved levels of documentation; e.g. weight was recorded in 61.1% of files. Notwithstanding these improvements, only 11 (20.4%) of 54 patient files examined in the re-audit, contained sufficient information to determine whether or not the patient fulfilled criteria for metabolic syndrome; of these, 3 patients (27.3%) fulfilled criteria for metabolic syndrome. There was, however, significant additional morbidity in relation to individual criteria (waist circumference, serum triglyceride level, systolic blood pressure and serum fasting glucose). Conclusions: We recommend enhanced attention be paid to metabolic morbidity in this patient group.

Keywords : Metabolic syndrome X; Antipsychotic agents; Mental disorders; Cardiovascular diseases; Quality improvement; Clinical audit.

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