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The European Journal of Psychiatry

Print version ISSN 0213-6163

Abstract

MERZA, Katalin; PAPP, Gábor  and  KURITARNE SZABO, Ildikó. The role of childhood traumatization in the development of borderline personality disorder in Hungary. Eur. J. Psychiat. [online]. 2015, vol.29, n.2, pp.105-118. ISSN 0213-6163.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S0213-61632015000200002.

Background and Objectives: There is a growing body of evidence suggesting the role of childhood abuse in the etiology of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Studies found that complex traumatization related to BPD include emotional/physical/sexual abuse and neglect. This study examines self-reported experiences of childhood traumatization in Hungarian inpatients with a diagnosis of borderline personality disorder and reveal which etiological factors are most strongly associated with the development of BPD. Methods: Traumatic childhood experiences of 80 borderline inpatients, 73 depressed inpatients and 51 healthy controls were assessed with the Traumatic Antecedents Questionnaire and the Sexual Abuse Scale of Early Trauma Inventory. Results: Adverse childhood experiences (neglect, emotional abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse, witnessing trauma) were more prevalent among borderline patients than among depressed and healthy controls. Borderline patients reported severe sexual abuse, characterized by incest, penetration and repetitive abuse. Sexually abused borderline patients experienced more physical and emotional abuse than borderlines who were not sexually abused. The strongest predictors of borderline diagnosis were sexual abuse, intrafamilial physical abuse and neglect by the caretakers. Conclusions: Overall, our results suggest that a reported childhood history of abuse and neglect are both common and highly discriminating for borderline patients in Hungary as well.

Keywords : Borderline personality disorder; Childhood traumatization; Physical abuse; Sexual abuse; Emotional abuse.

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