versión impresa ISSN 0213-9111
MARTINEZ-SANCHEZ, Jose M. y GRUPO DE EVALUACION DE LA LEY SOBRE MEDIDAS SANITARIAS FRENTE AL TABAQUISMO et al. Changes in hospitality workers' expectations and attitudes after the implementation of the Spanish smoking law. Gac Sanit [online]. 2010, vol.24, n.3, pp.241-246. ISSN 0213-9111.
Objective: To assess changes in hospitality workers' expectations and attitudes towards the Spanish smoking law before and 2 years after the smoking ban. Methods: We performed a longitudinal study of a cohort (n=431) of hospitality workers in five regions in Spain before the law came into effect and 24 months later. Expectations and attitudes towards the ban and knowledge about the effect of second-hand smoke on health were compared before and after the ban. Results: We recruited 431 hospitality workers in the baseline survey and 219 were followed-up 24 months later (overall follow-up rate of 50.8%). The percentage of hospitality workers who knew the law was 79.0% before it was passed and was 94.1% 24 months later (p<0.05). We observed an increase in support to the smoke-free ban in all public places, including bars and restaurants (54.1% to 65.8%; p<0.05). The percentages of support for the current ban, perception of compliance with the ban by employees and customers, and knowledge of the effect of second-hand smoke on health also increased. Conclusions: Knowledge and support to the Spanish smoking law among hospitality workers increased 2 years after the implementation of the ban.
Palabras clave : Longitudinal study; Hospitality workers; Questionnaire; Attitudes and expectations; Second-hand smoke; Spanish smoking law.