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Gaceta Sanitaria

versión impresa ISSN 0213-9111

Resumen

VENEGAS-SANCHEZ, Jesús et al. Health impact assessment of the San Fernando street renewal project in Alcalá de Guadaíra (Seville, Spain). Gac Sanit [online]. 2013, vol.27, n.3, pp.233-240. ISSN 0213-9111.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2012.08.002.

Objectives: This study describes the design and implementation of a health impact assessment (HIA) conducted in 2010 of the regeneration project of San Fernando Street, the main avenue crossing the San Miguel-El Castillo neighborhood in Alcala de Guadaíra (Seville, Spain). This project is part of the wider URBAN Plan aimed at the social, urban and economic regeneration of the city's historic center. Methods: This experience followed the standard HIA stages and procedures. The review of published evidence was complemented with new qualitative information gathered by means of a participative workshop with the local population and interviews with social and health workers involved in the neighborhood. Results: During the building stage of the project, the adverse impacts were related to a worsening of the air quality, increased noise pollution, mobility restrictions and a higher risk of accidents, particularly among older or disabled people. Once the building stage was finished, the health benefits were associated with significant improvements in physical accessibility and the population's access to health services and other goods and services. Other positive effects were the enhanced safety and attractiveness of the neighborhood and the new opportunities for socializing, social cohesion and increasing the community's self-esteem. Conclusions: This is the first HIA experience in Andalusia whose results have been integrated into a formal cycle of decision making in the local community. This experience has provided new evidence of the potential of HIA and its applicability and acceptance at the municipal level and has has also facilitated a learning process and the piloting of new methods and tools associated with the HIA process.

Palabras clave : Health policies; Inequalities; Public policies; Socioeconomic factors; Urban renewal.

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