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Gaceta Sanitaria

Print version ISSN 0213-9111

Abstract

NUNEZ, Loreto et al. Factors associated with dental consultation in children in Talca (Chile) and in Chilean immigrants in Montreal (Canada). Gac Sanit [online]. 2013, vol.27, n.4, pp.344-349. ISSN 0213-9111.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2013.02.004.

Objective: To identify the factors that influence the use of dental services in 4-7-year-olds and in 10-13-year-olds resident in the cities of Talca (Chile) and Montreal (Canada). Methods: A nonprobabilistic cross-sectional study was carried out in 147 boys and girls in Talca and in 94 boys and girls in Montreal between 2009 and 2011. Sociodemographic variables were recorded in parents and children, including age and sex. Data were also gathered on parental education, family composition, and proximity to health centers within neighborhoods. The data were analyzed with Fisher's exact test and the robust Cox regression model (with constant time) with a significance level of 0,05. Results: In Talca, parental education was significantly associated with dental care visits at least twice a year. The children of parents with university education were 2.20 times more likely to consult a dentist (95% CI: 1.30-3.73). Children whose parents perceived their children's health positively were 53% (OR = 0,47; 95% CI: 0,28-0,77) less likely to consult a dentist. In Montreal, the children of parents with university education were 2.10 times more likely to consult a dentist (95%CI: 1.17-3.76), while older children (10-13 years) were 2.11 (95% CI: 1.15-3.88) times more likely to consult a dentist. Conclusions: In both cities, parental education level was associated with the use of dental services.

Keywords : Dental health services; Health services accessibility; Oral health.

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