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Gaceta Sanitaria

Print version ISSN 0213-9111

Abstract

CARRERAS-VALLS, Rosa et al. Prevalence of antibodies to hepatitis A virus in healthcare workers and associated variables. Gac Sanit [online]. 2013, vol.27, n.6, pp.533-536. ISSN 0213-9111.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2013.01.018.

Objective: Vaccination against hepatitis A is recommended in risk groups, including healthcare workers. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of antibodies to HAV (IgG) among workers in the healthcare setting in order to establish criteria for vaccination. Methods: A cross-sectional, analytic, observational study of 4,864 employees was undertaken in four healthcare companies in Catalonia (Spain). The variables gathered included personal data, professional category, location of employment, and serology. Results: The overall prevalence of antibodies to HAV was 52.7%. The prevalence significantly increased with greater age. The mean age of seropositive workers was 41.5 years compared with 34.3 in workers with negative serology. The highest prevalence of antibodies was found in cleaning employees (74.2%) and catering staff (75.3%). Discussion: Given the high prevalence of seronegative adults susceptible to infection and the characteristics of their professional activities, vaccination of all staff working in health institutions should be considered.

Keywords : Hepatitis A; Hepatitis A vaccines; Hepatitis A antibodies; Prevalence; Health personnel.

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