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Gaceta Sanitaria

Print version ISSN 0213-9111

Abstract

ARIZA, Carles et al. Tobacco use by adolescents in Barcelona (Spain) and trends in the last 20 years. Gac Sanit [online]. 2014, vol.28, n.1, pp.25-33. ISSN 0213-9111.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2013.08.005.

Objectives: Smoking is a preventable cause of early death and the habit starts in adolescence. The aim of this study was to describe tobacco consumption in secondary school students in 2008 and trends in the last 20 years in Barcelona. Material and methods: We analyzed the trend in tobacco consumption by comparing data from 8 surveys carried out between 1987 and 2008 in the 8 th (2 nd year of Compulsory Secondary Education), 10th (4 th year of Compulsory Secondary Education) and 12th (2 nd year of Compulsory Secondary Education) years of secondary school. The FRESC questionnaire was used. Data on regular and daily consumption and associated factors in 2008 were gathered and compared with those corresponding to the previous studies. Percentages of annual change were calculated with Joinpoint regression and data were stratified by sex and year of education. Results: In 2008, 6.1% of boys and 4.5% of girls in the 8 th year, 15.8% and 20.4% of those in the 10th year, respectively, and 26.1% and 33.1% of those in the 12th year, respectively, were regular smokers. A strong association was noted between regular smoking and cannabis consumption in three school years, as well as with having friends who were smokers and poor school performance. At 15-16 years old, the average annual decrease from 1996 to 2008 was 6.8% in girls and 6.1% in boys. Conclusions: Adolescent smoking has been decreasing in the last few years in Barcelona. There is a strong association between tobacco use and cannabis consumption.

Keywords : Prevalence; Tobacco smoking; Adolescence; Schools; Trends; Associated factors.

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