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Gaceta Sanitaria

Print version ISSN 0213-9111

Abstract

BURILLO-PUTZE, Guillermo et al. Exposure to persistent and non-persistent pesticides in a non-occupationally exposed population in Tenerife Island (Spain). Gac Sanit [online]. 2014, vol.28, n.4, pp.301-304. ISSN 0213-9111.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2013.11.003.

Objective: Chronic exposure to non-persistent pesticides (NPPs) is of concern because these substances have been associated with chronic diseases. However, few studies have addressed chronic exposure to NPPs in Spanish populations. Methods: We determined the presence of 24 pesticide residues by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry in 363 serum samples obtained from non-occupationally exposed adults from Tenerife island in 2007. Results: Most of the samples (99.45%) showed detectable residues (6 ± 2 pesticides per sample). The most frequently detected pesticides were pyrethrins (96.1%), organophosphates (93.9%) and organochlorines (92.3%). The neurotoxicants bifenthrin and malathion were detected in 81% of the samples and hexachlorobenzene DDT and buprofezin in more than 50%. Malation, an "environmental obesogen", was detected in 82%, and "endocrine disrupter" pesticides were present in 97.2% of the samples. Conclusions: Because there is clear, continuous and inadvertent exposure to NPPs that may be inducing adverse effects on human health, NPPs should be included in biomonitoring studies.

Keywords : Pesticide residues; Non-persistent pesticides; Organophosphates; Pyrethroids; Persistent pesticides; Organochlorine pesticides.

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