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Gaceta Sanitaria

versión impresa ISSN 0213-9111

Resumen

LOPEZ-CEPERO, Javier et al. Perception and description of violent experience in youth dating relationships. Gac Sanit [online]. 2015, vol.29, n.1, pp.21-26. ISSN 0213-9111.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2014.07.006.

Objective: To describe the intimate partner violence suffered by youth and to identify the descriptions that best classify it according to gender. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among a sample of 3,087 adult Spanish students. The CUVINO questionnaire was used, which measures 8 forms of intimate partner violence and uses 3 descriptions to classify it (abuse, fear and entrapment). Logistic regressions were carried out to identify differences by gender and associations between the subtypes of intimate partner violence and descriptions of the violent experience. Results: Nearly half of the sample (44.6%) had some situation of unperceived violence, mainly of "detachment" (30.0%) and "coercion" (25.1%). All subtypes of intimate partner violence were more frequently perpetrated by women. The largest difference by gender was found in "emotional punishment" (experienced by 20.9% of men vs. 7.6% of women) and "physical violence" (6.6% vs. 2.3%). A total of 28.7% felt trapped, 11.8% felt fear and 6.3% felt mistreated. Men more frequently described themselves as trapped, but less often as afraid or abused. The subtype of intimate partner violence most associated with the feeling of entrapment was coercion in both men (OR = 3.8) and women (OR = 5.7). Conclusions: Men and women face intimate partner violence while dating differently; resources are needed to address them specifically. The inclusion of routine questions about the sense of entrapment may contribute to the early detection of intimate partner violence. Subtle forms of violence, such as coercion, should be taken into account in awareness campaigns.

Palabras clave : Violence; Aggression; Coercion; Interpersonal relations; Courtship; Young adult; Male; Female.

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