SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.29 número1Percepción y etiquetado de la experiencia violenta en las relaciones de noviazgo juvenilSalud percibida y nivel educativo en España: tendencias por comunidades autónomas y sexo (2001-2012) índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados

Revista

Articulo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

  • En proceso de indezaciónCitado por Google
  • No hay articulos similaresSimilares en SciELO
  • En proceso de indezaciónSimilares en Google

Compartir


Gaceta Sanitaria

versión impresa ISSN 0213-9111

Resumen

LOPEZ-GONZALEZ, Ángel A. et al. Socioeconomic inequalities and age and gender differences in cardiovascular risk factors. Gac Sanit [online]. 2015, vol.29, n.1, pp.27-36. ISSN 0213-9111.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2014.08.004.

Objective: To describe the cardiovascular risk factors in a working population in the Balearic Islands and to examine whether differences by social class vary according to age and gender. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a sample of active workers aged 20-65 years in the Balearic Islands. The participants were included in the study during their annual work health assessment in 2011. The following variables were collected: occupation, social class, age, gender, height, weight, smoking, blood pressure, lipid profile, and glucose levels. Cardiovascular risk was calculated using two different equations (Framingham and REGICOR). Results: Differences by social class were observed for most cardiovascular risk factors. The pattern of these differences differed depending on age group and gender. Differences in obesity by social class increased with age in women but decreased in men. More differences in hypertension by social class were found among women than among men, with differences increasing with age in both genders. Significant differences by social class were found among women in lipid profile, and these differences increased with age, mainly for low levels of high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol. Conclusions: Inequalities in cardiovascular risk factors by social class were higher among women than among men. Some cardiovascular risk factors such as smoking and obesity showed significant inequalities from a very early age.

Palabras clave : Social class; Sex differences; Cardiovascular diseases; Inequalities.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español     · Español ( pdf )

 

Creative Commons License Todo el contenido de esta revista, excepto dónde está identificado, está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons