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Gaceta Sanitaria

Print version ISSN 0213-9111

Abstract

MONTSERRAT-CAPDEVILA, Josep; GODOY, Pere; MARSAL, Josep Ramon  and  BARBE-ILLA, Ferran. Factors associated with influenza immunization in primary care health workers. Gac Sanit [online]. 2015, vol.29, n.5, pp.383-386. ISSN 0213-9111.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2015.02.004.

Objective: To identify the influenza vaccination coverage in healthcare workers in primary care and to determine the factors associated with vaccination (2013-2014 season). Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 287 healthcare workers who completed a questionnaire that included questions about knowledge, beliefs and attitudes to influenza and vaccination. We estimated the vaccine coverage and identified the variables associated with vaccination of healthcare workers by using non-conditional logistic regression models. Results: The participation rate was 47.2%. Vaccination coverage was 60.3% and was higher in workers older than 55 years, women and pediatricians. The factors associated with healthcare worker vaccination were the perception that vaccination confers protection (aOR: 11.1; 95%CI: 3.41-35.9) and the perception that it is effective (aOR: 7.5; 95%CI: 0.9-59.3). No association was found between receiving the vaccine and knowledge of influenza or vaccination. However, an association was found with prescribing vaccination to pregnant women, to persons older than 65 years, and to immunosuppressed individuals. Conclusions: Strategies should be designed to increase coverage, based on changing negative attitudes of healthcare workers to vaccination.

Keywords : Influenza vaccine; Influenza; Health personnel.

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