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Gaceta Sanitaria

versão impressa ISSN 0213-9111

Resumo

GARZON, Gerardo et al. Achievement of cardiovascular goals in patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes with and without cardiovascular disease. Gac Sanit [online]. 2015, vol.29, n.6, pp.425-430. ISSN 0213-9111.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2015.07.010.

Aims: To determine the proportion of patients with type 2 diabetes with and without cardiovascular disease achieving the main cardiovascular goals. Methods: Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: A regional health district in a European country, Spain. Year: 2013. Participants: Adult patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes with and without cardiovascular disease. Measurements: Study using secondary data obtained from electronic records of clinical history. Haemoglobin A1c, blood pressure, LDL cholesterol, smoking and medication were covered. n=49,658 Results: The proportion of patients with diabetes achieving cardiovascular goals (among those with recent measurement) was: haemoglobin A1c 68.8% (CI95%:68.2%-69.4%), blood pressure 74.3% (CI95%:73.9%-74.7%), LDL cholesterol 59.8% (CI95%:59.0%-60.6%), tobacco 80.2% (CI95%:79.6%-80.8%). Only 40%-67% of patients has recent measurement. Only 48.0% (CI95%: 46.6%-49.4%) of patients who needed statins were receiving them. Higher proportion of patients with cardiovascular disease were achiving goals. Differences were small but significant. Conclusions: Cardiovascular goals were measured in around half of patients with diabetes. Proportion of patients achiving cardiovascular goals were similar to published and best in patients with cardiovascular disease but it could improve. This points to prioritising interventions in this group of patients at very high risk, improving the implementation of guidelines and patient adherence.

Palavras-chave : Diabetes mellitus; Risk factors; Cardiovascular disease.

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