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Gaceta Sanitaria

versión impresa ISSN 0213-9111

Resumen

NEBOT, Laia et al. Effects of a contraceptive counselling intervention in adolescents from deprived neighbourhoods with a high proportion of immigrants. Gac Sanit [online]. 2016, vol.30, n.1, pp.43-46. ISSN 0213-9111.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2015.07.015.

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a contraceptive counselling intervention among adolescents by sex and origin. Methods: A pre-post study with a 3-month follow-up was conducted in adolescents from three disadvantaged neighbourhoods. Participants received a counselling session at a community centre. Contraception use at last intercourse and knowledge, beliefs and self-efficacy before and after the intervention were compared with χ2 and McNemar tests, stratified by sex and origin (autochthonous or immigrant). Results: A total of 138 (76%) participants completed the follow-up. Fifty-five percent of the participants were girls, 85% were aged 16-19 years and 71% were immigrants. Knowledge and several self-efficacies increased after the intervention. Condom use increased by 5.4% and the proportion not using any method declined by 7.7%. Conclusions: Contraceptive counselling in the community setting increased the use of contraception and improved psychosocial determinants, especially in immigrant adolescents.

Palabras clave : Contraceptive behaviour; Intervention; Immigration; Effectiveness; Evaluation; Social determinants of health.

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