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Gaceta Sanitaria

versión impresa ISSN 0213-9111

Resumen

RUISOTO, Pablo et al. Prevalence and profile of alcohol consumption among university students in Ecuador. Gac Sanit [online]. 2016, vol.30, n.5, pp.370-374. ISSN 0213-9111.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2016.02.008.

Objective: Alcohol consumption is one of the main health and social problems in Ecuador. The aim of this study was to explore gender differences in the prevalence and psychosocial profile of problematic consumers among university students. Method: We surveyed 3,232 students by using the AUDIT and psychosocial scales. To discriminate the explanatory value of each variable, a CHAID segmentation analysis was used. Results: The prevalence of alcohol consumption was 92.24% in men and 82.86% in women. In total, 49.73% of men and 23.80% of women reported problematic consumption. In men, the profile of problematic consumption was defined by higher scores in anxiety and depression, especially if they showed higher levels of psychological stress and lower life engagement. In women, problematic consumption showed a tendency towards psychological inflexibility, especially in those with lower life engagement. Conclusion: There is a need to prioritise attention to alcohol consumption in university students and to design different interventions for men and women.

Palabras clave : Alcohol; Risk; Gender; Students; Ecuador.

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