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Gaceta Sanitaria

versão impressa ISSN 0213-9111

Resumo

MUNOZ-PAREJA, Maritza et al. Factors associated with poor sleep quality in the Brazilian population ≥ 40 years of age: VIGICARDIO Study. Gac Sanit [online]. 2016, vol.30, n.6, pp.444-450. ISSN 0213-9111.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2016.04.011.

Objective:

The prevalence of poor sleep quality in men and women ≥ 40 years old from the VIGICARDIO Study was determined, and sociodemographic, health, lifestyle and social capital factors associated with poor sleep quality were identified.

Methods:

A population-based study conducted in 2011 among 1,058 non-institutionalised individuals randomly selected from Cambé, Paraná State, Brazil. Logistic regression was used to evaluate the association between sleep quality and sociodemographic, health, lifestyle and social capital factors in men and women.

Results:

The prevalence of poor sleep quality was 34% in men and 44% in women. Having bad/regular self-rated health status was a factor associated with poor sleep quality in men (OR: 1.79; 95% CI: 1.17-2.72) and women (OR: 2.43; 95% CI: 1.68-3.53). Being obese (OR: 1.67; 95% CI: 1.13-2.46), having depression (OR: 2.09; 95% CI: 1.41-3.13) and presenting temporal orientation difficulties (OR: 1.95; 95% CI: 1.08-3.52) were associated factors in women. Difficulty to understand what is explained (OR: 2.18; 95% CI: 1.16-4.09) and alcohol abuse (OR: 1.85; 95% CI: 1.21-2.83) were associated factors in men.

Conclusion:

Factors affecting sleep quality are different for men and for women. These factors should be taken into consideration when devising activities that promote good sleep quality, with a view to improving their effectiveness.

Palavras-chave : Sleep; Gender; Self-rated health; Economic class; Obesity; Depression; Functional capacity; Alcohol abuse.

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