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Gaceta Sanitaria

versión impresa ISSN 0213-9111

Resumen

BENABARRE CIRIA, Sergio et al. Study protocol concerning the determining factors of physical and psychosocial destabilisation in the elderly. Gac Sanit [online]. 2016, vol.30, n.6, pp.451-456. ISSN 0213-9111.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2016.04.010.

Objective:

The main objective of this study is to define the factors associated with frailty and psychosocial imbalance in elderly people who live in the community.

Methods:

Multicentre prospective study with a representative sample of subjects older than 75 years who live in the community in the province of Huesca (Spain). 5-year follow-up with biannual assessment. Standardised individual assessment carried out by GPs trained to assess depression, anxiety, cognitive impairment, psychotic symptoms, sarcopenia, social network, dependence for basic and instrumental activities of daily living, physical severity, risk of dependence and quality of life. Further assessment two and five years later to quantify adverse events: institutionalisation, functional impairment or mortality. Possible risk factors will be assessed: gender, age, social status, functional status, mental status and physical severity. Predictive and individual risk models will be designed in order to identify elderly people with high psychosocial frailty and destabilisation risk.

Conclusions:

An understanding of the possible risk factors would facilitate the identification of elderly subjects at greater risk of psychosocial frailty, thereby enabling preventive activities to be implemented aimed at reducing frailty and associated adverse events (institutionalisation, mortality, etc.).

Palabras clave : Frail elderly; Mortality; Community medicine.

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