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Gaceta Sanitaria

Print version ISSN 0213-9111

Abstract

LOPEZ, Sílvia  and  GRUPO DE INVESTIGACION EN SALUD SEXUAL Y REPRODUCTIVA DE CATALUNA et al. Impact of childhood sexual abuse on the sexual and affective relationships of adult women. Gac Sanit [online]. 2017, vol.31, n.3, pp.210-219. ISSN 0213-9111.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2016.05.010.

Objective:

To analyse perceived sexual satisfaction, sexual dysfunction, satisfaction with affective relationships and confidence and communication in existing relationships, related to a past history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and type suffered, among women treated as part of the Catalonian Sexual and Reproductive Health Care Programme (PASSIR).

Method:

Multicentric, descriptive, cross-sectional study. A total of 1,013 women over the age of 18 years, who underwent psychological therapy at any of the 24 PASSIR centres, were enrolled. A structured, anonymised, self-administered Sex History Questionnaire adapted from Wyatt (1985) & Dubé et al. (2005), and the Female Sexual Function Index (Rosen, 2000), were used. Statistical analysis was descriptive, bivariate and multivariate.

Results:

Women who suffered childhood sexual abuse had a significantly higher prevalence of sexual dysfunction, with lower perceived sexual satisfaction. CSA with penetration or attempted penetration was associated with greater arousal difficulties and greater rejection. Women who experienced CSA were less confident and experienced greater communication difficulties with their partner.

Conclusions:

It is necessary to identify potential childhood sexual abuse among women who seek therapy due to relationship problems. It is also necessary to continue research into protective factors and therapeutic interventions to alleviate the consequences of CSA in adult life.

Keywords : Childhood sexual abuse; Psychological sexual dysfunctions; Family relationships; Reproductive health services; Primary healthcare.

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