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Gaceta Sanitaria

versão impressa ISSN 0213-9111

Resumo

RODRIGUEZ-BLANES, Gloria M. et al. Detection of intimate partner violence in primary care and related factors. Gac Sanit [online]. 2017, vol.31, n.5, pp.410-415. ISSN 0213-9111.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2016.11.008.

Objective:

Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women is a significant public health and human rights problem. Primary care professionals play a key role in detecting and addressing this issue. The aim of this study is to determine the frequency of IPV and its associated factors in primary care by means of a screening questionnaire and to describe the main actions taken in identified cases.

Methods:

Cross-sectional study in 15 health centres in four autonomous regions of Spain with a total of 265 health professionals. The information was collected through the self-administered PREMIS questionnaire (Physician Readiness to Manage Intimate Partner Violence Survey), which includes variables concerning screening questions, sociodemographic factors, level of training/knowledge about IPV, perceptions and actions. A descriptive and analytical study was conducted.

Results:

67.2% of participants said they ask about IPV during consultations. The most frequent actions were: referring patients to other departments, individual counselling and information delivery. ≥21hours of training, an advanced training level, knowledge of policies and programmes and the implementation of an appropriate protocol and reference resources were all factors that increased the likelihood of investigating IPV. The asking of questions increases in line with professionals’ perceived level of training in IPV and the provision of a case management protocol.

Conclusions:

Two thirds of health professional respondents said they inquire about IPV. Given the influence of training in IPV and awareness of the resources to address the issue, it is essential to continue investing in the IPV training of healthcare personnel.

Palavras-chave : Intimate partner violence; Primary health care; Health personnel; Prevention; Training.

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