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Gaceta Sanitaria

versión impresa ISSN 0213-9111

Resumen

GARCIA-CORNEJO, Beatriz  y  PEREZ-MENDEZ, José A.. Relationship between cost systems and hospital expenditure. Gac Sanit [online]. 2018, vol.32, n.2, pp.158-165. ISSN 0213-9111.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2017.06.002.

Objective:

To analyze the relationship between the degree of development of hospital cost systems (CS) implemented by the regional health services (RHS) and the variation in unit cost of hospitals in Spanish National Health Service (NHS) between 2010 and 2013 and to identify other explanatory factors of this variation.

Methods:

A database of NHS hospitals was constructed from exclusively public sources. Using a multilevel regression model, explaining factors of the variation in unit cost (cost per weighted unit of activity [WAU]) of a sample of 170 hospitals were analyzed.

Results:

The variables representative of the degree of development of CS are associated in a negative and significant way with the variation of the cost per WAU. It is observed that if a high-level development CS is used the cost variation per WAU would be reduced by close to 3.2%. There is also a negative and significant relationship between the variation in the cost per WAU and the variations in the percentage of high technology and the hospital occupancy rate. On the other hand, the variations in the average cost of personnel and in the number of workers per 100 beds are associated in a positive and significant way with the variation of the cost per WAU.

Conclusion:

In the period analysed, during which the main health expenditure adjustment was made, the control in hospital unit cost is associated not only with spending cuts but also with aspects related to their management, such as the implementation of more developed CS.

Palabras clave : Hospital costs; Cost control; Hospital information systems; Quality of health care; National Health Service; Public hospitals.

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