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Gaceta Sanitaria

Print version ISSN 0213-9111

Abstract

MARTINEZ, Cristina  and  THE GROUP OF HOSPITAL COORDINATORS IN THE FRUITFUL STUDY PROJECT et al. Impact of an online training program in hospital workers' smoking cessation interventions in Bolivia, Guatemala and Paraguay. Gac Sanit [online]. 2018, vol.32, n.3, pp.236-243. ISSN 0213-9111.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2017.10.020.

Objective

To examine changes in hospital workers’ interventions before and after online training.

Method

Pre-post evaluation of the self-reported performance of the 5A’s by hospital workers from the three organizations involved. We assessed individual, behavioural, and organisational-level factors through a questionnaire that included 43 items (0 = none to 10 = most possible) completed before and 6 months after the training. Medians and interquartile ranges were calculated. To examine changes, the non-parametric test for paired data (Wilcoxon) was used.

Results

202 professionals (76 in Bolivia, 79 in Guatemala, and 47 in Paraguay) finished the course, of these 99 (28, 42, and 29 respectively) completed both questionnaires before and after the training. Overall, there was an increase in the performance of each of the 5A components [Ask (7 to 9): Advise (7 to 9); Assess (6 to 8); Assist (2 to 7); and Arrange a follow up (0.52 to 5); all p <0.001]. Doctors, former smokers, and those from Paraguay obtained higher scores. The level of perception of the participants degree of preparedness, level of competence and familiarity with resources increased (p <0.001).

Conclusion

The online training had a positive impact on the implementation of the brief intervention. Online education on smoking cessation is feasible and effective in improving smoking cessation interventions in these countries.

Keywords : Smoking cessation Online; Training Hospital; Low income countries.

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