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Gaceta Sanitaria

versión impresa ISSN 0213-9111

Resumen

ELIZONDO, Jesús Eduardo et al. Men who have sex with men and human immunodeficiency virus testing in dental practice. Gac Sanit [online]. 2018, vol.32, n.3, pp.262-268. ISSN 0213-9111.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2017.04.008.

Objective

To explore the attitudes of men who have sex with men (MSM) towards the implementation of rapid HIV-1/2 testing in the dental practice, and to evaluate MSM's perceptions of stigma and discrimination related to sexual orientation by dental care professionals.

Methods

Cross-sectional study using a self-administered, anonymous, structured analytical questionnaire answered by 185 MSM in Mexico. The survey included sociodemographic variables, MSM's perceptions towards public and private dental providers, and dental services, as well as their perception towards rapid HIV-1/2 testing in the dental practice. In addition, the perception of stigma and discrimination associated with their sexual orientation was explored by designing a psychometric Likert-type scale. The statistical analysis included factor analysis and non-hierarchical cluster analysis.

Results

86.5% of the respondents expressed their willingness to take a rapid HIV-1/2 screening test during their dental visit. Nevertheless, 91.9% of them considered it important that dental professionals must be well-trained before administering any rapid HIV-1/2 tests. Factor analysis revealed two factors: experiences of sexual orientation stigma and discrimination in dental settings, and feelings of concern about the attitude of the dentist and dental staff towards their sexual orientation. Based on these factors and cluster analysis, three user profiles were identified: users who have not experienced stigma and discrimination (90.3%); users who have not experienced stigma and discrimination, but feel a slight concern (8.1%), and users who have experienced some form of discrimination and feel concern (1.6%).

Conclusion

The dental practice may represent a potential location for rapid HIV-1/2 testing contributing to early HIV infection diagnosis.

Palabras clave : AIDS serodiagnosis; HIV/AIDS prevention; Public health dentistry; Dental staff; Men who have sex with men; Cross-sectional studies; Psychometrics; Mexico.

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