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Gaceta Sanitaria

Print version ISSN 0213-9111

Abstract

ORTIZ-GONCALVES, Belén et al. End-of-life decisions: results of the expert-validated questionnaire. Gac Sanit [online]. 2018, vol.32, n.4, pp.333-338. ISSN 0213-9111.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2017.09.011.

Objective

To assess the attitudes and knowledge in the life's end about palliative care, advance directives, psychological-physical care, medically assisted suicide and spiritual accompaniment.

Method

A cross-sectional study performed in the population at primary health care center of the Autonomous Region of Madrid (Spain). It participated 425 selected people that a simple random was applied in the consultation sheets of health professionals. They analyzed 42 variables of self-administered questionnaire.

Results

The surveyed population of Madrid displayed the following characteristics: university studies 58%, 51-70 years 47%, married 60%, and women 61%. 91% would like to decide about their care at life's end. 58% of respondents are aware of palliative care and 53% would request spiritual accompaniment. They know advance directives (50%) but have not made the document. 54% are in favor of legalizing the euthanasia and 42% the assisted suicide.

Conclusion

Madrid's people state they would like to decide what care they will receive at life's end and request spiritual accompaniment. Outstanding advocates of euthanasia against assisted suicide. They would like to receive palliative care and complete advance directives documents. To draw comparisons within the population, thereby increasing awareness about social health care resources in Autonomous Region of Madrid, surveys should be conducted in different primary health care centers areas of Madrid.

Keywords : Cross-sectional study; Advance directives; Spirituality; Palliative care; Euthanasia; Assisted suicide.

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