SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.32 issue4Knowledge and attitudes of health professionals towards advance directivesRelationship between job satisfaction and patient safety culture author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google

Share


Gaceta Sanitaria

Print version ISSN 0213-9111

Abstract

ORTIZ-GONCALVES, Belén et al. Typologies of Madrid's citizens (Spain) at the end-of-life: cluster analysis. Gac Sanit [online]. 2018, vol.32, n.4, pp.346-351. ISSN 0213-9111.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2017.10.016.

Objective

To establish typologies within Madrid's citizens (Spain) with regard to end-of-life by cluster analysis.

Method

The SPAD 8 programme was implemented in a sample from a health care centre in the autonomous region of Madrid (Spain). A multiple correspondence analysis technique was used, followed by a cluster analysis to create a dendrogram. A cross-sectional study was made beforehand with the results of the questionnaire.

Results

Five clusters stand out. Cluster 1: a group who preferred not to answer numerous questions (5%). Cluster 2: in favour of receiving palliative care and euthanasia (40%). Cluster 3: would oppose assisted suicide and would not ask for spiritual assistance (15%). Cluster 4: would like to receive palliative care and assisted suicide (16%). Cluster 5: would oppose assisted suicide and would ask for spiritual assistance (24%).

Conclusions

The following four clusters stood out. Clusters 2 and 4 would like to receive palliative care, euthanasia (2) and assisted suicide (4). Clusters 4 and 5 regularly practiced their faith and their family members did not receive palliative care. Clusters 3 and 5 would be opposed to euthanasia and assisted suicide in particular. Clusters 2, 4 and 5 had not completed an advance directive document (2, 4 and 5). Clusters 2 and 3 seldom practiced their faith. This study could be taken into consideration to improve the quality of end-of-life care choices.

Keywords : General population; End-of-life; Cluster analysis; Typology.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )