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Gaceta Sanitaria

versión impresa ISSN 0213-9111

Resumen

NAVARRO-ILLANA, Pedro; NAVARRO-ILLANA, Esther; VILA-CANDEL, Rafael  y  DIEZ-DOMINGO, Javier. Drivers for human papillomavirus vaccination in Valencia (Spain). Gac Sanit [online]. 2018, vol.32, n.5, pp.454-458. ISSN 0213-9111.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2017.05.008.

Objective

To describe the drivers associated with HPV vaccination in adolescent girls and their parent's opinion on the vaccine.

Methods

We conducted an observational and cross-sectional study on adolescent girls and their parents in Valencia (Spain), between September 2011 and June 2012. A consultation was made at a random sample of schools of the 14-year-old girls that should have received the vaccine in the free vaccination programme. We ran a personal survey on knowledge and attitudes regarding HPV infection and the vaccine. A binary logistic regression model was performed to determine which factors were most associated with vaccination.

Results

The survey was run on a binomial of 1,278 girls/mothers in 31 schools, to which 833 girls and their mothers responded (64.0%). The factors associated with vaccination were: country of origin of the families (adjusted OR [aOR]: 0.49; 95% confidence interval [95%CI]: 0.24-0.98), civil status of the parents (aOR: 0.33; 95%CI: 0.13-0.81), knowledge/beliefs about the vaccine when the source of information was the nurse (aOR: 1.83; 95%CI: 1.01-3.35), information source about the vaccine (aOR: 2.32; 95%CI: 1.37-3.92), preventive health centre visits (aOR: 2.1; 95%CI: 1.10-4.07), and nurse advice (aOR: 6.6; 95%CI: 3.19-13.56).

Conclusions

The main factor associated with HPV vaccination was the advice of health professionals. Therefore, the most effective interventions to improve vaccination coverage should focus on health professionals.

Palabras clave : Human papillomavirus; Vaccines; Drivers; Attitudes; Nurse.

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