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Gaceta Sanitaria

versão impressa ISSN 0213-9111

Resumo

RODRIGUEZ PULIDO, Francisco et al. Effectiveness of individual supported employment for people with severe mental disorders. Gac Sanit [online]. 2018, vol.32, n.6, pp.513-518. ISSN 0213-9111.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2017.05.007.

Objective

To assess the effectiveness of an individual placement and support (IPS) strategy in people with severe mental disorders in Tenerife Island (Spain).

Methods

Patients of Community Mental Health Services with severe mental disorders were randomly assigned to two groups. One of them received IPS (n=124), and the control group (n=75) was advised in the usual job search. Patients were followed up for an average of 3.4 years and an analysis was made of how many patients worked at least one day, working hours, wages, the number of contracts and the number of hospital admissions. Non-parametric methods were used to compare the results (Mann-Whitney U test).

Results

The percentage of patients who worked at least one day was 99% in the IPS group compared with 75% in the control group; they worked on average 30.1 weeks per year vs 7.4; the monthly salary was € 777.9 vs € 599.9; the number of contracts per person was 3.89 vs 4.85, and hospital admissions were 0.19 vs 2.1.

Conclusions

The IPS strategy is effective for the labour integration of people with severe mental illness getting them to work longer, have higher wages and fewer hospital admissions.

Palavras-chave : Employment; Supported; Mental health; Psychotic disorders; Psychiatric rehabilitation; People with disabilities.

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