SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.32 issue6Effectiveness of individual supported employment for people with severe mental disordersPublic health competencies and contents in Spanish university degree programmes of Veterinary Medicine author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google

Share


Gaceta Sanitaria

Print version ISSN 0213-9111

Abstract

GASCH GALLEN, Ángel; AZNAR, Concepción Tomás  and  ARANDA, Encarnación Rubio. Assessing gender stereotypes and sexual risk practices in men who have sex with men. Gac Sanit [online]. 2018, vol.32, n.6, pp.519-525. ISSN 0213-9111.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2017.05.001.

Objective

To analyze the construct validity and the internal consistency of the 12-item Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI-12) questionnaire and to study the association between gender stereotypes and sexual risk practices in men who have sex with men (MSM).

Methods

Cross-sectional study of 601 MSM who voluntarily and anonymously responded to an online survey on risk practices and gender stereotypes. The BSRI-12 was used to obtain gender stereotypes (masculine, feminine, undifferentiated and androgynous). For data analysis, exploratory factor analysis (EFA) of the BSRI-12 and logistic regression were performed.

Results

Two main factors (Cronbach alpha 0.95 and 0.81) were obtained from the EFA. Using the androgynous roles as the reference category, we found lower odds of engaging in unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) among those who endorse feminine roles (OR: 0.53; 95%CI: 0.29-0.95). Endorsing masculine roles with alcohol consumption (OR: 1.92; 95%CI: 1.15-3.20) or the undifferentiated when not knowing the partner's serological status (OR: 1.55; 95%CI: 1.02-2.35) were associated with higher odds of UAI compared to those endorsing the androgynous roles. Undifferentiated participants also perform receptive UAI using poppers (OR: 2.19; 95%CI: 1.24-3.87), and insertive UAI not knowing the serological status of the sexual partner (OR: 1.69; 95%CI: 1.04-2.76) compared to androgynous participants.

Conclusion

The BSRI is a valid and consistent instrument for identifying gender stereotypes in MSM. A greater proportion of participants within the undifferentiated and the masculine category engage in risk practices with the influence of substance consumption and unawareness of their sexual partner's serological status. The information obtained may be useful to define intervention and prevention programs.

Keywords : Men who have sex with men; Gender; Sexual risk practices; Masculinity.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in English     · English ( pdf )