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Gaceta Sanitaria

versão impressa ISSN 0213-9111

Resumo

WENTINK, Carlijn et al. Exploring the role of social capital in urban citizens’ initiatives in the Netherlands. Gac Sanit [online]. 2018, vol.32, n.6, pp.539-546. ISSN 0213-9111.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2017.05.011.

Objective

This research explores the role of social capital in urban citizens’ initiatives in the Netherlands, by using in-depth interviews.

Method

Social capital was operationalized as shared norms and values, connectedness, trust and reciprocity.

Results

The findings show that initiatives form around a shared idea or ambition (shared norms and values). An existing network of relationships (connectedness) is needed for an idea to emerge and take form. Connectedness can also increase as a result of an initiative. Some level of trust between people needs to be present from the start of the initiative. For the initiative to persist, strong in-group connections seem important, as well as a good balance between investments and returns. This reciprocity is mainly about intangible assets, such as energy and friendship.

Conclusion

This study concludes that social capital within citizens’ initiatives is both a prerequisite for the formation of initiatives and a result of the existence of initiatives.

Palavras-chave : Urban citizens’ initiatives; Social capital intervention; Urban governance; Participatory society; The Netherlands.

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