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Gaceta Sanitaria

versão impressa ISSN 0213-9111

Resumo

BIBILONI, Maria del Mar et al. Reversion of overweight and obesity in Vilafranca del Penedès child population: ACTIVA'T Program (2012). Gac Sanit [online]. 2019, vol.33, n.2, pp.197-202.  Epub 21-Out-2019. ISSN 0213-9111.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2017.10.002.

Objective

To assess a 6-month nutritional and physical activity intervention program on the nutritional status of overweight or obese and not very active 8-14 years old children by means of a controlled pre-post design (ACTIVA’T program).

Method

Pre-post study in 8-14 years old overweight or obese and low active children from Vilafranca del Penedès (Barcelona, Spain) randomized in control group (n = 51, 47.1% girls, nutritional intervention and ≤3h/wk physical activity) and ACTIVA’T group (n = 45, 37.8% girls, nutritional and physical activity ≥5h/wk intervention). Body mass index, waist/height index, and diet quality by means of KIDMED test at the beginning and at the end of the program were assessed. During the intervention, each participant was accompanied by a relative (father or mother) who performed the same activities as the children.

Results

Dietary recommendations have positively changed the habits of both ACTIVA’T and control group. The reversion in the prevalence of overweight and obesity was 93.8% and 58.6%, respectively, in the ACTIVA’T group, compared to 25.0% and 35.8% in the control group. Abdominal obesity was decreased from 42.2% to 17.8% in the ACTIVA’T group and from 47.1% to 27.5% in the control group.

Conclusions

The program ACTIVA’T (nutritional education and physical activity promotion) improves the quality of diet and reverses the prevalence of overweight and obesity in the underactive child population.

Palavras-chave : Nutritional education; Mediterranean diet; Children; Overweight; Obesity; Sedentary; Activa’t.

        · resumo em Espanhol     · texto em Espanhol     · Espanhol ( pdf )