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Gaceta Sanitaria

versión impresa ISSN 0213-9111

Resumen

NUNEZ MARTIN, Melina  y  CASTILLO GUALDA, Ruth. The role of emotional intelligence in cardiovascular disease. Gac Sanit [online]. 2019, vol.33, n.4, pp.377-380.  Epub 02-Dic-2019. ISSN 0213-9111.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2018.04.008.

Objective

To identify the classical risk factors and dimensions of emotional intelligence that are good predictors of cardiovascular disease according to sex.

Method

The sample comprised 220 participants (110 with cardiovascular disease and 110 without cardiovascular disease). The demographic data and classic risk factors of each participant were recorded, and emotional intelligence evaluated through two questionnaires (TMMS-24 and PEC).

Results

Men with low emotional regulation had an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (Exp(B) = 0.813; p <0.05). Women with low intrapersonal comprehension (Exp(B) = 0.252, p ≤0.05) or low emotional regulation (Exp(B) = 0.679; p <0.05) were more at risk.

Conclusions

Emotional regulation predicts cardiovascular disease in both men and women and therefore can be considered as a risk factor in cardiovascular health, for both men and women.

Palabras clave : Emotions; Cardiovascular disease; Emotional intelligence; Emotional regulation.

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