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Gaceta Sanitaria

Print version ISSN 0213-9111

Abstract

JIMENEZ-PICON, Nerea; GARCIA-REPOSO, Alicia  and  ROMERO-MARTIN, Macarena. Biopsychosocial consequences in Spanish population affected by an eviction process. Gac Sanit [online]. 2020, vol.34, n.3, pp.289-296.  Epub Oct 13, 2020. ISSN 0213-9111.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2019.03.008.

The biopsychosocial consequences in Spanish population affected by an eviction process were described in this paper. A scoping review was conducted, consulting the following databases: PubMed, Scopus, PsycINFO, CINAHL, LILACS, CSIC, MEDES, Scielo, Dialnet, Cuiden Plus and Cochrane. The search strategy was (Eviction OR "Home eviction" OR "Housing eviction" OR "Households at risk of eviction" OR Foreclosure) AND ("Health" OR "Mental Health" OR "Psychosocial impact" OR "Impacts on health" OR "Social impact indicators" OR "Social Determinants of Health" OR "Social Indicators").Eleven articles published between 2008 and September 2018 were selected. They followed a quantitative or qualitative methodology. The research quality was measured, and the results were organized according to the biopsychosocial model. From the physical perspective, results described a poor self-perception of health, as well as an increase of chronic diseases, pain, drug consumptions. From the psychological perspective, it was found negative thoughts, recurrent emotions and increased anxiety, depression, mental disorder and post-traumatic stress. From the social perspective, it was found that family, the offspring and the guarantor were affected, as well as the health system with greater medical visits and emergencies. This review showed worse health indicators among women, such as a headache, smoking habits, worse self-perception of health and more mental health disorders (depression, anxiety and other types of psychological distress). Daughters revealed worse self-perception of health than sons. It is necessary an approach from public health, epidemiological surveillance, action protocols and health programs, to advise, diagnose, prevent, protect and promote the health of the Spanish population affected.

Keywords : Health; Biopsychosocial; Eviction; Theoretical study.

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