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Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología

versión impresa ISSN 0365-6691


GARCIA-GOMEZ, P.J. et al. Bilateral recurrent autoimmune optical neuropathy in childhood. Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol [online]. 2006, vol.81, n.10, pp.607-610. ISSN 0365-6691.

Clinical case: A ten year-old girl, after a Yersinia gastroenteritis, developed an optic neuritis in the left eye. She was not treated and resulted ultimately in optic atrophy on the affected side. Six months later a similar episode occurred in the contralateral eye. On this occasion corticosteroid therapy was given. During this therapy the neuritis diminished; however the patient had three relapses, so it was decided to give her immunosuppressive treatment with azathioprine and continue this indefinitely. Discussion: After considering the differential diagnoses of bilateral recurrent optical neuritis in childhood, we concluded that it was most likely to have an autoimmune basis. After considering the benefits and risks of the long-term treatment, we believe immunosuppressive therapy is most useful in controlling the disease allowing corticosteroid therapy to be reduced.

Palabras clave : Autoimmune optic neuritis; post-infectious optic neuritis; bilateral optic neuritis; childhood optic neuritis; Azathioprine.

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