Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
versión impresa ISSN 0365-6691
LOPEZ-PENA, M.J. et al. Relationship between standard automated perimetry and HRT, OCT and GDx in normal, ocular hypertensive and glaucomatous subjects. Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol [online]. 2007, vol.82, n.4, pp.197-208. ISSN 0365-6691.
Purpose: To determine the correlations between structural parameters of the optic nerve head and the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) obtained by using a Heidelberg Retina Tomograph II (HRT II), optic coherence tomography (OCT), and laser polarimetry (GDX-VCC) and the perimetric indices of standard automated perimetry (SAP) in normal, ocular hypertensive and glaucomatous subjects. Methods: Three hundred and eighty-nine patients were enrolled in the study and classified into three separate groups: 43 with normal eyes, 274 with ocular hypertensive eyes and 72 with glaucomatous eyes. Subjects were classified according to the basal intraocular pressure and the SAP results. Pearsons correlation coefficients were calculated between the global perimetric indices, mean deviation (MD) and pattern standard deviation (PSD), and structural parameters of the RNFL and optic disc obtained by using HRT II, OCT and GDX-VCC in the different diagnostic groups. Results: Mild to moderate correlations were found between the structural parameters measured by HRT, OCT and GDX and the global perimetric indices, in the glaucoma group. Mild or no significant correlations were found in the normal and ocular hypertensive groups. Correlations were stronger for MD than for PSD. Parameters based on the study of the retinal nerve fiber layer showed stronger correlations than those based on the study of the optic nerve head. Conclusions: The relationship between structural and functional measurements in glaucoma is weak and therefore the results of these ancillary tests should be interpreted together to increase diagnostic accuracy.
Palabras clave : Glaucoma; HRT; OCT; GDX-VCC; visual field.