Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
versión impresa ISSN 0365-6691
ASENSIO-SANCHEZ, V.M. et al. Microalbuminuria and diabetic retinopathy. Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol [online]. 2008, vol.83, n.2, pp.85-88. ISSN 0365-6691.
Objective: To study the prevalence of microalbuminuria and its association with more severe diabetic retinopathy in a group of insulin-dependent diabetic patients. Materials and methods: During the period of January 1998 to December 2005 we examined 360 insulin-dependent diabetic patients with at least five years of evolution. We evaluated the presence of microalbuminuria by immunoanalysis. Patients were evaluated by direct and indirect ophthalmoscopy and classified as non-retinopathy, non-proliferative, severe non-proliferative/proliferative, or macular edema. Results: In this study, 24.1% of patients had microalbuminuria. Most of the patients with microalbuminuria and macroalbuminuria were male and had a longer history of diabetes. Microalbuminuria was associated with more severe diabetic retinopathy. Conclusions: All patients with insulin-dependent diabetes of at least five years evolution should undergo an evaluation of renal function including tests for microalbuminuria. In the presence of microalbuminuria an ophthalmologic follow-up may be particularly important.
Palabras clave : Insulin-dependent diabetes; microalbuminuria; macroalbuminuria; diabetic retinopathy; legal blindness; arterial hypertension.