Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
versión impresa ISSN 0365-6691
PEREZ-LOPEZ, M. et al. Intermittent exotropia: bilateral lateral rectus recession treatment and long term results. Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol [online]. 2011, vol.86, n.12, pp.402-406. ISSN 0365-6691.
Purpose: To describe the long-term surgical outcomes of bilateral lateral rectus recession in patients with intermittent exotropia. Methods: Retrospective review of 18 patients diagnosed with intermittent exotropia between 1995 and 2005 who underwent surgical treatment in the Ramon y Cajal Hospital. Results: Of the 18 patients with intermittent exotropia, 50% were basic subtype. All of them underwent bilateral lateral rectus recession, associated with a previous failed botulinum toxin injection in 8 of them. Satisfactory results (less than 10 PD orthophoria) were obtained in 68.2% of the patients after a 4.5-year follow-up period. Conclusions: Bilateral lateral rectus recession is an effective and stable surgical procedure in the long-term motor control of intermittent exotropia, especially in basic subtype. Previous injection of botulinum toxin did not affect the results.
Palabras clave : Intermittent exotropia; Treatment; Results.