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Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología

Print version ISSN 0365-6691

Abstract

MORALES, M.C. et al. Clinical outcomes of cataract surgery combined with 23-gauge vitrectomy. Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol [online]. 2012, vol.87, n.11, pp.353-362. ISSN 0365-6691.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oftal.2012.04.020.

Purpose: To report the clinical outcomes of cataract surgery (phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation) combined with 23-gauge vitrectomy, and to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of this technique. Methods: A retrospective, consecutive, non-comparative study which included 105 eyes. Phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation (in the capsular sac) combined with 23-gauge vitrectomy were performed. Indications for undergoing surgery were varied. Best corrected logMAR visual acuity (VA) and intraocular pressure (IOP) were measured pre- and postoperatively, and postoperative complications were recorded. Results: Patients were followed-up for a mean of 16.6 ± 9.9 months. The mean preoperative VA was 0.83±0.40 logMAR, and mean postoperative VA one month after surgery was 0.44 ± 0.38 logMAR. The postoperative visual acuity improved in 83.8% of cases. The mean preoperative IOP was 16.6 ± 3.7mmHg, while the mean postoperative IOP was 22.5 ± 12.8 mmHg (1 day after surgery), 17.5 ± 6.8 mmHg (after 1 week), and 15.3 ± 3.8 mmHg (after 1 month). Postoperative complications included posterior capsular opacification (n=5), macular edema (n=4), corneal de-epithelization (n=3), retinal detachment (n=2), proliferative vitreoretinopathy (n=2), choroidal detachment (n=1), macular hole (n=1), vitreous hemorrhage (n=1), epiretinal membrane (n=1), and transient elevated intraocular pressure (n=36). Conclusions: The surgery reported in this study involving phacoemulsification combined with 23-gauge vitrectomy was found to be safe and effective, and was associated with improved clinical features, including rapid rehabilitation, a low incidence of complications, and avoids repeat surgery.

Keywords : 23-gauge vitrectomy; Cataract surgery; Intraocular lens; Phacoemulsification; Visual acuity; Intraocular pressure.

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