Cirugía Plástica Ibero-Latinoamericana
versión impresa ISSN 0376-7892
LEON PEREZ, J.A.; SESMAN BERNAL, A.L. y FERNANDEZ SOBRINO, G.. Vertical closing in lip cleft: Report of 837 cases and review of the literature. Cir. plást. iberolatinoam. [online]. 2008, vol.34, n.3, pp.175-183. ISSN 0376-7892.
No other congenital deformity has the potential to alter the face form as perceivably as it makes a cleft lip and palate. The middle third of the face is altered and it represents a great challenge for plastic surgeon. We propose the vertical closing of the skin after miorraphy forming a line and trying to appear like the filtrum column that was not formed in the cleft lip. We report the result in children operated on our Service of Plastic Surgery at the Instituto Nacional de Salud, México DF, from january 1998 to december 2006, total 837 patients. Surgical technique consisted of the closing of cleft lip in vertical way. Total number of 837 patients was composed by 310 female and 527 male, 13% (n=109) presenting bilateral cleft. As a result, 95% of the patients (n= 795) had a suitable aesthetic result; it did not appear immediate postoperative complications and only a patient reported wound deshicience. We consider as advantages of the technique: a scar line that seems the column of the cleaved filtrum, an anatomical dissection of the skin (lines of tension) and the fact that we can avoid those incisions that cross the filtrum or the nasal ala, with less visible scar.
Palabras clave : Cleft lip; Vertical closing.