Cirugía Plástica Ibero-Latinoamericana
versión impresa ISSN 0376-7892
FERNANDEZ GARCIA, A. et al. Versatility of the hatchet flap for reconstruction of fingertip injuries. Cir. plást. iberolatinoam. [online]. 2008, vol.34, n.3, pp.235-242. ISSN 0376-7892.
The hatchet flap described by Emmet, has been recently applied by Tuncali et al. in fingertip amputations. This single triangular flap can be used in different types of injuries, as transverse and lateral oblique amputations. The aim of our study was to present the authors´ experience with this versatile flap in fingertip reconstruction. Five patients who have completed their 1-year follow-up period were included in the study. The level of amputation was categorized according Ishikawa classification. The patients were queried about the existence of cold intolerance, hypersensitivity and pain. Different designs of the hatchet flap were used. The authors applied this flap in adult an pediatric patients, with single or multiple amputations, toe, thumb and long finger lessions, or reconstructions with double flap. The average defect size was 2,2 x 1,4 cm. In all the patients the flap has provided protective padding and aesthetic results. Joint stiffness was observed in one patient because the combination with a cross-finger flap. The concern with all reconstructions of the fingertip is to provide adequate pulp cover of the bone, to avoid bone tip tenderness and to avoid loss of sensibility as a result of the reconstruction. The hatchet flap is a versatile and safe alternative for fingertip reconstruction. Different designs can be used in accordance with our necessities.
Palabras clave : Fingertip; Reconstruction; Hatchet flap.