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Cirugía Plástica Ibero-Latinoamericana

versión On-line ISSN 1989-2055versión impresa ISSN 0376-7892

Resumen

BENITO RUIZ, J.. Fat grafting: variables that influence the viability of the adipocyte and mesenchimal stem cells. Cir. plást. iberolatinoam. [online]. 2011, vol.37, n.4, pp.311-318. ISSN 1989-2055.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S0376-78922011000400001.

Though adipose tissue grafts have been used for decades in last century, the technique has been considered as slightly usefull provided that the graft was tending to reabsorption. It was Coleman who introduced a system of atraumatic harvesting-processing-infiltration that increased the percentage of survival of the graft obtaining positive similar results in its application all over the world. Nonetheless, publication of unlike results in the literature regarding survival of the graft with different percentages of reabsorption and the discovery of stem cells in the adipose tissue, have led to the accomplishment of numerous research works directed to understanding the biology of the fat graft, the role of the stem cells in this process and the influence that the different steps for transplantation have on the cellular viability. We present a review of the scientific literature about the theme to bring together the available information about these controversies.

Palabras clave : Fat; Adipose tissue; Fat grafting; Lipostructure; Stem cells; Adipocytes; Preadipocytes; Coleman.

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